Scarlet Fever: Causes Impact and Prevention

What Is Scarlet Fever?

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease which has caused immense suffering all over the world especially among children in the ages of 5 to 15years. The disease rarely affects adults.  In addition, scarlet fever mainly affects people who have strep throat and is caused by strep microorganisms which are suspected to make toxins which cause a bright red bumpy rash.


Scarlet fever is indicated by a splendid red rash on the body, which goes with a high fever and sore throat. The rash manifests itself throughout the body of the victim and hence the name scarlet fever.  Scarlet fever is normally treated by antibiotics which have reduced its severity and helped to speed up recuperation and lessen the seriousness of the indications.

Symptoms of Scarlet

A rash is the most widely recognized indication of scarlet fever in adults and children. It generally starts as a red smudged rash and turns out to be fine and unpleasant like sandpaper. The rash can start up to a few days before someone feels sick or gets the symptoms and or up to seven days after.

Scarlet fever manifests itself starting from the neck and spreads to other parts of the body including the face leaving a clear area around the mouth.  From there it spreads to the chest the back and other parts of the body where it forms red streaks.

After the rash has died down, around seven days, the skin on the tips of the fingers and toes and in the crotch may strip. This can keep going for several weeks.


Scarlet fever can be traced to strep throat which is suspected to produce toxins which cause the bright red bump. In scientific terms, the microorganisms are referred to as A Streptococcus, or Streptococcus pathogens microbes, which are microorganisms that can live in your mouth and nasal entries. This makes it easy to spread within the environment.

The disease manifests itself in two to five days after infection when the signs start to show. Someone might be infected through ingesting air which is contaminated with individual’s spit, sniffle or hack. This means that transmission can also be through the air we breathe.

Nevertheless, the main mode of transmission is through direct contact with an infected person and being in crowded areas and including sharing utensils with an infected person.

Now and again, group A strep diseases have been spread through pollution of the surrounding environment. Group A strep can cause a skin contamination in a few people. These skin diseases, known as cellulitis, can spread the microbes to other people. However, contacting the rash of red fever won’t spread the microscopic organisms since the rash is a consequence of the poison, not the microbes.

Risk Factor for Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever predominantly affects kids between the ages of 5 and 15 years.  You will get scarlet fever by being either in the same room or having bodily contact with those who are infected.  

Complications associated with scarlet fever 

Scarlet fever has various complications though it is expected that the symptoms are expected to clear within 10 days to 2 weeks especially with the treatment of antibiotics.               

These complications include inflexible temperature, Pneumonia, ear and throat infections among others. This can be avoided if your child is promptly treated by the relevant antibiotics.

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