Signs, Causes, and Treatment Options for Herpes

The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is responsible for Herpes infection. This virus attacks the outer genitalia, mucosal surfaces, anal region as well as skin in other body parts.

Herpes is a condition that lasts for a long time. Nevertheless, many persons lack any symptoms even when they have the virus.

The symptoms include, ulcers, blisters, vaginal discharge, cold sores, and pains during urinating. While herpes does not have any cure, it could be treated with medications as well as home remedies.

This article will be focusing on how you can identify herpes, herpes treatment, as well as how it can be avoided.

Hard facts concerning herpes:

  • There are 2 types of the herpes viruses. They are HSV-1 and HSV-2.
  • Over 50% of persons residing in America have the HSV-1.
  • Close to 5% of Americans within the age bracket of 14-49 are having HSV-2.
  • Engaging in oral sex with someone that has cold sores on their mouth increases the chances of getting the infection.
  • It’s not possible to contract genital herpes via toilet seat.


Many people don’t experience any symptoms for a long time even after they must have been infected. Those that symptoms during the initial stage normally see them 4 days upon exposure.

Most people with the HSV do experience recurring herpes. If a person is initially infected, it tends to be more recurrent. With time though, the remission time gets longer and every occurrence appears to be less serious.

Primary infection signs

The term primary infection is used to describe genital herpes outbreak when the individual is initially infected. The signs can be severe and could comprise:

  • Blisters as well as ulceration on outer genitalia, on the cervix or inside the vagina.
  • vaginal discharge
  • itching and pain
  • enlarged, tender lymph nodes
  • urinating with pains
  • high temperature
  • malaise (nausea)
  • cold sores close to the mouth
  • red blisters on the skin

In many cases, the ulcers are going to heal, with the person not having any permanent scars.

Recurrent infection signs

Symptoms which accompany recurrent infection appear don’t last long like they do in stage of primary infection and are less serious. Normally, symptoms don’t last over 10 days; they are:

  • appear tingling or burning sensations close to the genitals prior to blister appearing
  • women could have ulceration as well as blisters on top the cervix
  • cold sores close to the mouth
  • red blisters

Finally, recurrences will occur less frequently and are less serious.


Whenever HSV is found on an infected person’ skin, it could be passed easily to another person via that moist skin which lines the anus, mouth as well as genitals. The virus can equally be spread to others via other parts of the skin and eyes.

Someone cannot be infected by merely coming in contact with work surfaces, objects, towel or washbasin that was used by someone who in infected. Here is how you can get infected:

  • sex unprotected anal or vaginal sex
  • engaging in oral sex with someone who has cold sores
  • sharing of sex toys
  • making genital contacts with infected person

There is a higher chance of passing on the blisters prior to the blister’ appearance, when it’s seen, and till the blister has been healed. It’s still possible for HSV to be transmitted to someone else even without any sings of outbreak, though it’s highly unlikely.

When a mum that has genital herpes is giving birth while she has sores, it is very likely that the infection will be transmitted to the child.


You could take advantage of the various treatment options:

Home remedies

Many home remedies could help, including:

  • administering painkillers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen
  • using lightly salted water will aid in reducing symptoms
  • soaking inside warm sitz bath
  • rub petroleum jelly on the affected portion
  • avoid tight clothing on the affected portion
  • washing of hands thoroughly, particularly after touching affected area
  • refrain from sexual activities until symptoms disappear
  • If you feel pain during urination, apply some lotion or cream such as , lidocaine to the urethra,
  • Some persons have discovered ice parks to help in this regards. You should not touch the skin with ice directly; always put it inside a towel or cloth.


There isn’t any cure yet for herpes virus. However, doctors could prescribe antiviral drugs that stop the virus from increasing their number. Antiviral medications is good for clearing up the outbreak faster as well as for reducing symptoms severity.

Doctors normally prescribe antiviral drugs when symptoms just become visible. Since recurrent outbreaks aren’t that serious, treatment may not be necessary.

Episodic treatment & suppressive treatments

Episodic treatments are for those who don’t experience as much as six recurrences within a year. A doctor may suggest an antiviral that will last for 5 days every time the symptoms come up.

Doctors do prescribe suppressive treatments when someone experiences over six recurrences within one year. In a couple of cases, doctors may demand that the person consume daily antiviral treatments indefinitely. The focus here is forestall more recurrences. While suppressive treatments does reduce the chances of transmitting HSV to your partner, the risk is still there.

Prevention tips

To dampen the chances of developing or transmitting genital herpes:

  • wear condoms when engaging in sex
  • refrain from having sex when the symptoms are still present
  • don’t kiss when cold sore is close to the mouth
  • stay away from several sexual partners

Some persons have discovered that being tired, stress, illness, sunbathing, or skin friction could trigger symptoms reoccurring. Knowing and staying away from these triggers could aid in reducing recurrence times.



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